Zacatecas is one of the thirty-one states that, together with Mexico City, form the United Mexican States. Its capital and city more populated is the homonymous one Zacatecas. It is located in the centronorte region of the country, bordering on the north with Coahuila, on the northeast with Nuevo Leon, on the east with San Luis Potosí, on the south with Guanajuato, Jalisco and Aguascalientes, on the southwest with Nayarit and on the west with Durango. With 75 539 km² is the eighth most extensive state - behind Chihuahua, Sonora, Coahuila, Durango, Oaxaca, Tamaulipas and Jalisco -, with 1 579 209 habs. In 2015, the eighth least populated - ahead of Quintana Roo, Aguascalientes, Tlaxcala, Nayarit, Campeche, Baja California Sur and Colima, the least populated - and 19,73 hab / km², the sixth less densely populated, ahead of Sonora, Campeche, Chihuahua, Durango and Baja California Sur, the least densely populated. 23 was founded in December of 1588.
It is divided into 58 municipalities. The capital is the city of the same name: Zacatecas. This city boasts the titles of The Very Noble and Loyal City of Our Lady of the Zacatecas, granted by the King Felipe II of Spain the 20 day of June of 1588 in San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Madrid.5 6 Also, granted The Coat of Arms, emblem in which was included the hill of the Bufa. This city was important for the colonization, since it was an important point in the route towards the territories of the north of the New Spain.7 Its main economic activities are the mining, the agriculture and the tourism. It is known for its large deposits of silver and other minerals, its colonial architecture and its importance during the Mexican Revolution. Among its most important localities are Jerez de Garcia Salinas, Fresnillo de Gonzalez Echeverria, Rio Grande, Guadalupe.