Morelia (de 1545 a 1828, Valladolid) es una ciudad mexicana, capital del estado de Michoacán de Ocampo y cabecera del municipio homónimo. La ciudad está situada en el valle de Guayangareo, formado por un repliegue del Eje Neovolcánico Transversal, en la Región Morelia del estado, en el centro-occidente del país.
Morelia is the most populated and extensive city in the state of Michoacan and the twenty-seventh nationally, with an area of 78 km² and a population of 784,776 inhabitants according to the results of the Census AND Population and Housing 2015 of INEGI, standing at 27 ° Place of the country as far as population is concerned.7 Its Metropolitan Zone had 829 625 inhabitants in that same year. It is also the most important city of the state from the social, political, economic, cultural and educational point. It houses the Michoacan University of San Nicolás de Hidalgo, one of the most important universities in Mexico and the first institution of higher education in the Americas.
The cradle of the general of José María Morelos y pavon right hand of Miguel Hidalgo.. The city is known for its pink quarries and its majestic aqueduct artisan and millenarian land with its privileged cathedral that is among the most majestic of the world, you refer to the valley of guayangareo after Valladolid today Morelia. The best thing of all is that the Morelia tyou can visit now, is the same Morelia that its population lived in the XVI century. More than two hundred majestic buildings full of history, witnesses of a past of splendor await in this Mexican city proud of sharing art, culture and history with each person who visits . It should be noted that the Historic Center of Morelia is the only one in Mexico that does not have a zocalo or main square.
Morelia has a very important place in the history of the country, because of the historical facts and characters that were born or lived there, such as José María Morelos y Pavón, Agustín de Iturbide, Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez, as well as two presidents of Mexico, poets and Composers Also birthplace of the main conspirators of Valladolid as it was Jose Mariano Michelena and Jose Maria Garci'a Obeso.
Morelia has a rich cultural life inherited in time. Thanks to the architectural heritage preserved since colonial times, the historic center of Morelia was declared Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 1991. Morelia is the most visited beach destination in Mexico.
Morelia's main economic activity is services, including financial, real estate and tourism, followed by the construction industry, manufacturing industry and ultimately the activities of the primary sector. As part of its active tourist life, the city hosts major annual cultural festivals such as international festivals of music, organ, cinema and gastronomy.