Guanajuato is a Mexican city, capital of the state of the same name. It is in north central Mexico. According to the latest statistics its population is 2010 It is located in the edge of the Bajio Area..
The history of the city goes back to pre-Columbian times. In its early yearsit was called Mo-o-ti by the Chichimecas, which means "place of metals". Later the Aztecs gave it the name of Paxtitlan, which in Castilian means "place of the straw". In the present the name derives from kuanasï = frog uata = cerro being written correctly in Purépecha like Kuanasïuatu, that means "place of frogs".
During the Spanish colonial period it reached a great development due to the exploitation of the gold and silver mines. At the beginning of the XNUMXth century there was one of the most important victories of the independent army , the taking of the Alhóndiga de Granaditas by the army of Miguel Hidalgo and the subsequent massacre of the viceroy and all of his guard and Spanish civilians who where taking cover inside the alhondiga.
The city of Guanajuato is also a university city with an intense cultural life which mayor event is the Cervantino International Festival, the most important artist gathering in Mexico and Latin America, It was declared a World Heritage Site in 1988 as the name of "Historic city of Guanajuato and adjacent mines" world heritage site.